Gorle, C., van Beeck, J., & Rambaud, P. (2010). Dispersion in the Wake of a Rectangular Building: Validation of Two Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes Modelling Approaches. BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY, 137(1), 115–133.
DOI: 10.1007/s10546-010-9521-0, https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10546-010-9521-0
Web of Science ID: 000281712500006, https://ws.isiknowledge.com/cps/openurl/service?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_...
When modelling the turbulent dispersion of a passive tracer using Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) simulations, two different approaches can be used. The first consists of solving a transport equation for a scalar, where the governing parameters are the mean velocity field and the turbulent diffusion coefficient, given by the ratio of the turbulent viscosity and the turbulent Schmidt number Sct. The second approach uses a Lagrangian particle tracking algorithm, where the governing parameters are the mean velocity and the fluctuating velocity field, which is determined from the turbulence kinetic energy and the Lagrangian time TL. A comparison between the two approaches and wind-tunnel data for the dispersion in the wake of a rectangular building immersed in a neutral atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) is presented. Particular attention was paid to the influence of turbulence model parameters on the flow and concentration field. In addition, an approach to estimate Sct and TL based on the calculated flow field is proposed. The results show that applying modified turbulence model constants to enable correct modelling of the ABL improves the prediction for the velocity and concentration fields when the modification is restricted to the region for which it was derived. The difference between simulated and measured concentrations is smaller than 25% or the uncertainty of the data on 76% of the points when solving the transport equation for a scalar with the proposed formulation for Sct, and on 69% of the points when using the Lagrangian particle tracking with the proposed formulation for TL.